Exhibition: Network | December 2, 2011 by Andrea-Lipps
The Living Tebogo home for handicapped children, located in Orange Farm, one of the largest informal settlements in South Africa, located approximately 45 km (27.9 mi) from Johannesburg, had become too small to accommodate its fifty students. Over a six-week period, a team of twenty-five students from the University of Art and Industrial Design in Linz, Austria, designed and built a new building, including a kitchen, therapy rooms with sanitary units, and a generously dimensioned pergola. Local community members took part in construction, and local materials such as concrete blocks, clay, straw, timber, and grass mats were used. Wattle and daub was one of the primary construction techniques employed, illustrating how earth construction is not only inexpensive and engages the community, but can improve indoor conditions compared to other construction methods. Typical buildings in Orange Farm have indoor temperatures that fluctuate between 2 and 45 degrees Celsius (35 and 113 degrees Fahrenheit). The new design increased thermal comfort without external energy; the temperature now fluctuates a more moderate 9 degrees, between 18 and 26 degrees Celsius (64 and 79 degrees Fahrenheit). At the end of the project, students and community members decorated a wall with their handprints, signifying not only their involvement, but the community the building serves.
Concept and supervision of design process: Roland Gnaiger, Anna Heringer, Lotte Schreiber, Richard Steger; site supervision: Sigi Atteneder, Richard Steger; project management (South Africa): Anna Heringer; design: Sigi Atteneder, Rainer Falkner, Margit Greinöcker, Tobias Hagleitner, Olivia Hartl, Markus Jeschaunig, Nicole Kirchberger, Franz Koppelstätter, Andreas Liska, Christian Mayer, Ursula Nikodem-Edlinger, Monika Perner, Clemens Quirin, Cornelia Reithofer, Sandra Resch, Birgit Schober-Pointinger, Elke Schmedler, Iva Simonovic, Alexandra Sössser, Petra Stiermayr, Danijela Tolanov, David Weldy, Anna Wolf, and Annelie Zeilinger, Architecture Department, University of Art and Industrial Design, Linz; consultants: Martin Rauch (earth constructions), Oskar Pankratz (energy concept), Erich Heiligenbrunner (pedagogics); partners: SARCH Wien, Education Africa. Orange Farm, Gauteng, South Africa, 2004–5